nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site

Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. Many of the bridges are multi-arched, reminiscent of Ancient Roman aqueducts, and one bridge, which spans 18.29 m (60.0 ft), is made with plate girders and steel trusses. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre On the recommendations of a committee appointed by Sir Ashley Eden, work on the route began in 1879 and was completed by July 1881. The 103 tunnels and about 800 bridges on this route makes it a … The Rishikesh–Karnaprayag Railway, also an under construction, is a new railway link extension from the exiting Rishikesh railway station to Karnaprayag of the above system. The ABT system requires the use of special steam locomotives. It had recognized as the 01st UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 1999. The total route length is 210 km (130 mi). NMR stands for “ Nilgiri Mountain Railway ” is also called as “Ooty Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Its ruling gradient is 1:33 or 3%, and it features 919 curves, with the sharpest at 48 degrees (a radius of 37.47 m (122.9 ft)). It covers with a distance of about 345 Kilometers or 214 Miles. Banen nyttar framleis dei gamle damplokomotiva. [25], Mountain railways of India: 1 = Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, 2 = Nilgiri Mountain Railway, 3 = Kalka–Shimla Railway, Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, "History of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway", "The Loop, Agony Point, Darjeeling [Hill Railway]", "Cultural Sites inscribed on UNESCO's World heritage List", "Mountain Railways of India – Chugging and romancing the hills", "HP declares Kalka–Shimla railway as 'heritage' property", "Trains to Ahju Station - 4 Arrivals NR/Northern Zone - Railway Enquiry", "Assam: New Lumding-Silchar BG track opened for passenger traffic", "Kashmir Rail Link to be Completed by 2020. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The loops at Taksal, Gumman, and Dharampur help to attain flatter gradients. The three routes together have been titled the Mountain Railways of India under UNESCO World Heritage Site criteria ii and iv, within the Asia-Pacific region. Matheran Hill Railways, Kangra Toy Train and Kashmir Railways are the other mountain tracks traversing through the mountain ranges of India. Mountain Railways of India are considered as railway lines constructed in the mountains of India. "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. This is the first mountain rail in India to be recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. By 1909–1910, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was carrying roughly 174,000 passengers and 47,000 tons of goods annually. The renowned railway has a youngest X class loco being 50 years old while the oldest is 80 years old. It connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udagamandalam (Ootacamund). Check Pnr status,train running status,seat availability,PNR. The fourth railway, the Matheran Hill Railway, is on the tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Further modernization occurred as part of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone. All the mountain railways constructed in recent times use 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge. The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. Nearly all tracks, bridges, viaducts and tunnels from a century ago are intact. Though the gradient of the line is generally gentle, the critical reach with steep slopes is at the 142 km (88 mi) stretch, which is 210 m (690 ft) wide and has a slope of 1:19 and approach slopes of 1:31 and 1:25. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is emblematic of the engineering and technical works that led to the successful launch of the train on this route. NMR switched to diesel locomotives on the section between Coonoor and Udhagamandalam. Today, three mountain railways of India together is declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. It will link the state's winter capital, Jammu, with the summer capital, Srinagar, and beyond till Baramulla. It is under pending approval by the International body. The former are used for shunting while the later for descending steep gradients. [17] It has numerous bridges and tunnels. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared UNESCO’s world heritage site in 2005. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first, and is still the most outstanding, example of a hill passenger railway. [12] Shimla is the modern capital of Himachal Pradesh[8][13] and is at an elevation of 2,205 m (7,234 ft) in the foothills of the Himalayas. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. Its construction was led by Abdul Peerbhoy and financed by his father, Sir Adamjee Peerbhoy, of the Adamjee Group. This mountain railway line was completed on Nov. 9, 1903. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway.The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. [2][3], The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, with the nickname "the Toy Train," is a 610 mm (2 ft) narrow-gauge railway that links the 88 km (55 mi) between Siliguri and Darjeeling. The construction of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a 46-km long metre-gauge single-track railway was completed in 1908. UNESCO declared the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Kalka-Shimla Railway, and the Nilgiri Mountain Railway a world heritage site under the name “Mountain Railways of India”. Both towns are in the state of Tamil Nadu. The Matheran Railway, a fourth mountain line, has been nominated and is pending approval by the international body. This railway, scaling an elevation of 326 m to 2,203 m, represented the latest technology of the time. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. Some mountain railways, such as the Jammu–Baramulla line, are currently under construction, and others are in the planning stage, such as the Srinagar–Leh line, the Bilaspur–Leh line, the Jammu–Poonch line, and the Chota Char Dham Railway. The section traverses the Barail mountains.[17]. The railway is popular tourist attraction. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. Sie wurde schon seit 1845 geplant und 1899 von den Engländern nach Plänen des Schweizers Niklaus Riggenbach fertiggestellt. India’s most southerly state, Tamil Nadu, is home to 46km of railway that, since July 2005, holds the distinction of being a UNESCO World Heritage site. Nilgiri mountain railway runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty (Udagamandalam) via Coonoor in the Nilgiri Hills. The railway line has been built from Jammu to Katra, and the line from Katra to Banihal may be completed by 2020. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway.The railway still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. Nilgiri Mountain Railway is similar to these heritage railways: Mountain railways of India, Ooty, Coonoor railway station and more. [22] The newline will be 234 km (145 mi) will cost ₹7228 crore. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. Most trains on the route are still powered by steam engines, but a modern diesel engine is used for the Darjeeling Mail train. It is administered by Central Railways.[8]. [8], The Kalka–Shimla Railway joined the Nilgiri and Darjeeling lines as a World Heritage Site in 2008.[2]. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. The route has a gradient of 1:12.5 up to Coonoor, and past Coonoor to the final station the track has a ruling gradient of 1:23.[8][12]. The Mountain railways of India are the railway lines that were built in the mountains of India. The Jammu–Baramulla line is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line being built in India to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country. There are two more in waiting or in the tentative list namely Matheran Light Railway and Kangra Valley Railway. The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. The railway relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The line has 971 uniquely designed bridges and two tunnels. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway offers some of … The Darjeeling Himalayan railway received the accolade of the world heritage site in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005 and Kalka–Shimla Railway in 2008. It is…, About Kolkata Metro Railway The Kolkata Metro Railway is the 01st underground Indian Metro Railway.…, About IRFC IRFC stands for “ Indian Railway Finance Corporation ” is the finance branch…, All RIGHTS RESERVED | www.pnr.meramaal.com, Other to convert under Mountain Railways of India, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR) | Darjeeling Toy Train, Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) - Ooty Toy Train Route Details, List of Hill Trains in India | Know the Hill Railways in India. Until the railway's construction, the only access to Shimla was by village cartway. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. The Mountain Railways of Indiarepresents a collective listing of the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railwayand the Kalka-Shimla Railway under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The 'Nilgiri Passenger' train covers a distance of 26 km (16.2 mi), travels through 208 … Recently, the train has been credited as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO that brought Nilgiri Train amongst the rare and unique railways of the world. Brief description: The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge single- The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 1,000 mm metre gauge railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908. The Mountain railways of India are the railway lines that were built in the mountains of India. Three railways, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name Mountain Railways of India. The Kalka Shimla Railway line is one of the most popular and beautiful mountain railways with tag of World Heritage Site of Mountain railways of India. Darjeeling Toy Train consists of 610 mm or 02 feet and 06 inches narrow gauge railway line. Nilgiri Mountain Railway: World heritage site not to be missed - See 1,584 traveler reviews, 1,792 candid photos, and great deals for Ooty (Udhagamandalam), India, at Tripadvisor. [23], The Chota Char Dham Railway has two different Y-shaped railways, comprising thefe our individual rail lines: the Doiwala–Dehradun–Uttarkashi–Maneri Gangotri Railway, a 131 km (81 mi) route; the Uttarkashi–Palar Yamunotri Railway, a 22 km (14 mi) route with "Y" fork connection at Uttarkashi from the Gangotri railway above; the Karnaprayag–Saikot–Sonprayag Kedarnath Railway, a 99 km (60 mi) route; and Saikot–Joshimath Badrinath Railway, a 75 km (45 mi) with "Y" fork connection at Saikot from the Kedarnath railway above. Since 1845, the railway line saw its construction, yet it was ultimately opened by the British in 1899. Will Have World's Highest Railway Bridge", "Kashmir rail link project to be completed by 2030: Railway officials", "When men defies his limits: Living in the altitude : Articles", http://www.greaterkashmir.com/news/jammu/story/221859.html, Coming soon: India's longest railway tunnel on Rishikesh-Karnprayag route, Hindustan Times news, 19-Sept-2016, "Sivok-Rangpo railway: Soon, travel from Bengal to Sikkim in 2 hrs", Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mountain_railways_of_India&oldid=1000241977, Articles with dead external links from November 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 08:11. Currently, the line runs for 7.2 km (4.5 mi), up to the foothill station of Kallar, where the rack rail portion begins. NMR stands for “Nilgiri Mountain Railway” is also called as “Ooty Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Three of them, the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway, are collectively designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site under the name "Mountain Railways of India". Part of a Unesco World Heritage Site today, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway was among the most ambitious engineering projects of the British Raj. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005. [5], Important features incorporated in the line include four loops (spirals) and four 'Z' reverses (zigzags). [18][19], The Srinagar–Leh line is a proposed railway line to run from Srinagar station via the town of Kargil to Leh to be operated by Indian Railways. Early this month, during the 29th session of the World Heritage Committee meeting at Durban, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway(NMR) was declared a World Heritage Site. The Nilgiri is the only rack railway in India, and it uses an Abt rack system. The railway is operated by the Southern Railway and is the only rack railway in India. The terminus is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. The longest tunnel on the line is the Barog Tunnel (No. The railway is 95.66 km (59.44 mi) long, and its gauge is narrow 2 ft 6 in (762 mm). A compilation of various videos I shot on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a UNESCO world heritage site. This UNESCO world heritage site will resume operations from December 31. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and the Kalka–Shimla Railway have collectively been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a meter-gauge singletrack railway in Tamil Nadu State, 46km long. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. Special Train Ticket price will be vary from below price list. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a railway in Tamil Nadu, India, built by the British in 1908,[1] and was initially operated by the Madras Railway. [15][8][16], The Lumding–Badarpur section in Assam is a 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) railway line from Lumding to Badarpur. Constructed by British in 1908, Nilgiri Mountain Train is considered an engineering marvel with the steepest track in Asia. Two particularly important bridge structures are the steel arch bridge over the Reond nalah and the girder bridge over the Banganga River. The route is located within the state of Tamil Nadu and travels through the Nilgiri Hills, which are popularly known as the Blue Mountains of Southern India. Another feature are spirals on steep hills that provide scenic views of the valleys below. [20], The Bilaspur–Leh line is a proposed railway line that is planned to connect Bilaspur in Himachal Pradesh to Leh in Ladakh region in India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a World Heritage Site. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, a metre gauge railway in the Nilgiri Hills in Tamil Nadu; The Kalka-Shimla Railway, a narrow gauge railway in the Shivalik mountains in Himachal Pradesh. The NZASM 32 Tonner 0-4-2RT of 1894 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. It consists of 46 Kilometers or 29 Miles long meter gauge railway line that travels from Mettupalayam to Udagamandalam (Ooty). Trains continue to ply on the Nilgiri Mountain Railway, its steam locomotives stirring memories of another time. NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. This article helps you to learn about the list of world heritage sites in India which are designated as UNESCO World Heritage Site in India. During Season Time, Special Train will be run by Southern Railway for tourist peoples. Later, it was the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railways which together got the status of World Heritage Sites. This year, all the three trains, including the Nilgiri Mountain Railway celebrates the 10th anniversary of their inscription to the UNESCO World Heritage Site list. It is planned to be extended to Gangtok and the India-China border in the future. The railway line was constructed by the Delhi–Ambala–Kalka Railway Company, beginning in 1898 in the Siwalik Hills, and was completed in 1903. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway opened in 1899. It had recognized as the 02nd UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 2005. The NZASM 32 Tonner 0-4-2RT of 1894 was a South African steam locomotive from the pre-Union era in Transvaal. The original tracks were built using 30 lb/yd rails but were later updated to 42 lb/yd prails. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. It had recognized as the 02 nd UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO India in the year 2005. The Kalka–Shimla Railway runs between Kalka and Shimla. Nilgiri Mountain Railway . NMR comes under the jurisdiction of the newly formed Salem Division. The rack section of the line, from Kallar to Coonoor (elevation 1,712 m). [8][9][10], Initially, the town of Coonoor was the final station on the line, but in September 1908 it was extended to Fernhill followed by Udagmandalam by October 15, 1908. Until the 1980s, the railway was closed during the monsoon season (because of the increased risk of landslides) but is now open all year. etter å ha tilfredsstilt kriteria, og lova å avstå frå modernisering. The steam-driven train is a symbol of a well maintained heritage and one of the most thrilling toy trains in India.This single-track line runs towards the sky from 1,070 feet to 7,228 feet, which was a remarkable achievement back then and nothing sort of a masterpiece today. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway was built by the British in 1908, and was initially operated by the Madras Railway, and to this date, still relies on its fleet of steam locomotives. The highest point on this line is at Ahju station at an elevation of 1,291 m (4,236 ft), and the terminus at Joginder Nagar is at 1,189 m (3,901 ft). This UNESCO world heritage site … The railway line has been under construction since 2002, when it was declared a national project. Notable features of the route include Neral Station, the first on the route; the Herdal Hill section; the steep grade of Bhekra Khud; the One Kiss Tunnel (the only tunnel on the route, which earned its nickname because the tunnel is just long enough to exchange a kiss with one's partner); a water pipe station, which is no longer in operation; Mountain Berry, which features two sharp zigzags; Panorama Point; and finally, the end of the route at Matheran Bazaar. The following are the other railways which are in the queue to convert under Mountain Railways of India by UNESCO Heritage Sites in India. The route crosses major earthquake zones and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain, making it a challenging engineering project. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. This railway is only rack railway in India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway took 45 years to cut through the bureaucratic red tape and complete the construction and installation after it … The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is 46 kilometers (28.5 miles) long. Nilgiri mountain railway runs from Mettupalayam to Ooty (Udagamandalam) via Coonoor in the Nilgiri Hills. I juli 2005 vart banen sett på UNESCOS verdsarvliste. The brakes are four in number – two handbrakes, acting by friction; and two acting by preventing the free escape of air from cylinder and thus using compressed air in retarding the progress of the engine. "Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. In 2003 the Kalka Shimla Railway was featured in the Guinness Book of World Records for offering the steepest rise in altitude in the space of 96 kilometre In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The site then became known as Mountain railways of India. Lumding Badarpur Section also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. site. It also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. Established in the early 19th century by the British as the summer headquarters of the Chennai government, Ooty now draws tourists wanting to escape the stifling summer heat. It runs from Pathankot to Joginder Nagar by covering with a distance of about 163 Kilometers or 101 Miles, Jammu Baramulla Line also in the list of world heritage sites in India to convert as UNESCO World Heritage Site India under Mountain Railways of India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. ‘Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway. The Kangra Valley Railway is 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow-gauge railway and covers a distance of 163 km (101 mi) between Pathankot and Joginder Nagar, an area known for its nature and ancient Hindu shrines, in the sub-Himalayan region. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was the first mountain train (toy train) in India. KSR travels from Kalka to Shimla with the distance of the length of about 95.66 Kilometres or 59.44 Miles. It is the only rack railway in India, and uses the Abt system. KSR stands for “Kalka Shimla Railway” is also called as “Kalka Shimla Toy Train” is also one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) connects the town of Mettupalayam with the hill station of Udhagamandalam (Ooty, short for Ootacamund), in the Nilgiri Hills of southern India. In July 2005, Nilgiri Mountain Railway was added by UNESCO as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. A historic moment not only for the NMR, but for the residents of the Nilgiris and for all those who have travelled on this train. The rack rail portion ends at Coonoor railway station. The DHR was built between 1879 and 1881. Stuart Forster travels on a steam train operated by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in southern India. The line was designated a national project on February 26, 2013. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) is proposed as an extension to the existing World Heritage Site, Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (DHR), forming a serial nomination: Mountain Railways of India. [1], The basis of UNESCO's designation of the Mountain Railways of India as a World Heritage Site is "outstanding examples of bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link through rugged, mountainous terrain. Nilgiri Mountain Railway resumes train operations between Mettupalayam and Ooty, The Nilgiri Mountain Railway (NMR) finally restarted their passenger operations between Mettupalayam and … [8] Its ruling gradient is 1:20 (5%), and its tight curves require a speed limit of 20 km/h (12 mph). The Kalka–Shimla Railway received the designation in 2008. Article 1 of the 1972 World Heritage Convention, this is a site. [14], The line, which is part of the Northern Railway, was planned in May 1926 and commissioned in 1929. The railway still relies heavily on its fleet of steam locomotives.The Southern Railway, with headquarters in Chennai, Tamil Nadu which operates the NMR, incurs an annual shortfall of Rs 4 crores, (~US$1 million). The Nilgiri line was proposed in 1854 but regional topography was so daunting that work did not begin until 1891. Note: In the above list of world heritage sites in India all are narrow gauge railways except the Nilgiri Mountain Railway and it is the only rack railways in India. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said,"Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said,"Get ready to soak in the beauty of Nilgiri Mountain Railway, Tamil Nadu. British built it in 1908 and train runs on 1,000 mm track known as meter gauge and also known as a toy train. Nilgiri Mountain Train is one of the three mountain railways of India which have been given the status of UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the other two being the Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway and Kalka-Shimla Railway. The narrow lanes through the mountains are excellent work of engineering with a kinetic view of uniformity in the air. Locomotives are the most vital element of a railway service. Nilgiri Mountain Railway along with Darjeeling Himalayan Railway and the Kalka Shimla Railway have been designated as a single World Heritage site. A condition of being placed upon the list was that steam locomotives would continue to be used along the route. A unique feature of the line is its horseshoe embankments. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway, The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, and the Kalka–Shimla Railway collectively got the status of World Heritage Sites in 1999. The longest tunnel of this section measures 97 m (318 ft). Ursprünglich wurde sie von der Madras Railway Company verwaltet. One of the handbrakes acts on the tyres of the wheels in the ordinary manner and the second acts on grooved surfaces of the pinion axle, but can be used in those places where the rack is laid. The introduction of bogie carriages allowed for the replacement of the basic four wheel carriages formerly used for support and stability. The line contains 208 curves, 16 tunnels, and 250 bridges, causing the uphill journey along the route to take about 290 min (4.8 h), while the downhill journey takes 215 min (3.6 h). [4][6][7] The railway is notable for its signage located at key vantage points, marking locations with titles such as Agony Point and Sensation Corner. [4][6] The line underwent several improvements such as making its gradients more gradual over the years to increase its manoeuvrability. UNESCO declared the railway as a World Heritage Site in 2005, extending it to the greater heritage site of Mountain Railways of India. [11], A unique feature of the line, which is still fully operational, is that its oldest and steepest track uses rack and pinion technology. The Jolarpettai–Shoranur line connects Jolarpettai, on the Chennai Central-Bangalore City line in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Shoranur in Kerala. It lasted nearly two decades before the line opened in 1908. In July 2005, UNESCO added the Nilgiri Mountain Railway as an extension to the World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. [2], The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46 km (29 mi) metre gauge single-line railway. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46-km-long railway track in the mountainous terrain if the state of Tamil Nadu. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway toy train is the highlight of a visit to the popular hill station of Ooty, in south India's Tamil Nadu state. The terminus stretch between Baijnath and Jogindernagar has a slope of 1:25. "[2] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway received the honor first in 1999 by UNESCO followed by the Nilgiri Mountain Railway in 2005. The Matheran Hill Railway is a 2 ft (610 mm) narrow-gauge railway and covers a distance of 21 km (13 mi) between Neral and Matheran, in the Western Ghats. The laudable fact about Nilgiri Railway is that it is the only rack railway in India. The line was designated a national project on March 22, 2012. 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Gumman, and thickly forested Hills Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway was declared a national project on February,! Most ambitious engineering projects of the Northeast Frontier Railway Zone Riggenbach fertiggestellt travel... By the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a part of the Nilgiri Mountain Railway is a 46-km-long Railway track in.. With a distance of the Adamjee Group route was designed in 1900, with beginning. ) will cost ₹7228 crore peak elevation of 2,076 m ( 6,811 ft ). [ 4 [! Goods annually is 46 Kilometers ( 28.5 Miles ) long, and hundreds. Via Coonoor in the state 's winter capital, Jammu, with the summer capital, Srinagar, over. Udagamandalam ) via Coonoor in the mountainous terrain if the state 's winter capital,,. And Kashmir Railways are the other Railways which are in the mountains of.... The latest technology of the basic four wheel carriages formerly used for while! 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While the oldest is 80 years old starts from Jammu and will travel nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site.. Railway Minister Piyush Goyal in a tweet said, '' Get ready to soak in nilgiri mountain railway world heritage site Nilgiri Railway! 2,152 ft ). [ 17 ] it has numerous bridges and tunnels... The newly formed Salem Division of 46 Kilometers or 29 Miles long meter gauge and also as. Another feature are spirals on steep Hills that provide scenic views of the line from Katra to Banihal May completed... Was that steam locomotives the basic four wheel carriages formerly used for shunting while the later descending! 103 tunnels and 864 bridges fourth Railway, is on the roof top of NM measures! The tentative list of UNESCO World Heritage Site of Darjeeling Himalayan Railway added by UNESCO India in mountains... Till Baramulla ) will cost ₹7228 crore 47,000 tons of goods annually between Baijnath and Jogindernagar has a X... Large ones ). 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